Looking on my block at the end of the year i see than nearly two years ago i wrote about extracting archives under Linux but not about putting files in to archives. Now a have some time to continue.
Here are some common way to create your archives.
#Creates simple targetfile.tar without compression. tar cvf targetfile.tar sourcedir/* #Zip everything beneath sourcedir to targetfile.tar.gz tar cvzf targetfile.tar.gz sourcedir/* #Bzip2 everything beneath sourcedir to targetfile.tar.bz2 tar cvjf targetfile.tar.bz2 sourcedir/*
- c or –create create a new archive
- v or –verbose verbosely list files processed
- z or –gzip usage of gzip compression (or also decompression, context dependent)
- j or –bzip2 usage of bzip2 compression
- f or –file use archive file
Alternative with pipe usage:
tar -cf - sourcedir | gzip -c > filename.tar.gz
#Zip every file in current directroy to file.zip. #But hidden files like (.htaccess) are not included. zip file.zip sourcedir/* #also includes hidden files. zip file.zip sourcedir/* .*
The above examples include directories but still not their content recursively, -r option is required.
#Adds all files and directories recursivly. zip file.zip -r /sourcedir/* #Same as abowe with addtional enryption and password lock. #Password is prompted on the terminal. zip file.zip -re /sourcedir/* #Splitts creted archive to parts not bigger than 2 Gigabytes. zip -s 2g -r test.zip ./*
Hope that helps someone.
Happy new year!!!