Better late than never. This article is about installing Samba server on debian linux


Once I needed a central storage for shared and private documents for small (rarely changing) user group. We have windows and Linux Machines that should have access this centralized file storage. It should be user-friendly access with minimum of maintenance and so on. Also basic document security (basic level) is also a topic here. Having all that, the following is quite suitable for private use, small working groups, and even kinds of small businesses.

The setup

I think it’s not a bad idea to have two different data spaces: private and shared. This separation leads to simple rules of usage:

  • Every user can read their own documents and documents of other users in the shared place.
  • write and delete is only permitted in the user’s private directory.

Let’s get concrete and that is the point where Samba goes into play. The configuration presented below was tested on Debian 5 (Lenny) and shortly on Debian 7 (Wheezy) and works from now on more than two years without any problems.

1. Install samba

apt-get install samba

2. Backup initial configuration

cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf_original

3. Create shared spaces

# Create new root.
mkdir /srv/samba
 # Create mount point for documents
mkdir /srv/samba/shared
 # Create mount point for personal
mkdir /srv/samba/private

 # Create general gorup of samba users
addgroup smbusers
 # giv 'em some rights.
chown root:smbusers /srv/samba/shared/
chown root:smbusers /srv/samba/private/
# define umask
chmod 2770 /srv/samba/shared/
chmod 770 /srv/samba/private/

4. Change configuration file

Now edit /etc/samba/smb.conf file. Just replace the content with the following:

	server string = Samba server %v
	unix password sync = Yes
	pam password change = Yes
	passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
	passwd chat = *Entersnews*spassword:* %nn *Retypesnews*spassword:* %nn *passwordsupdatedssuccessfully* .
	syslog = 0
	log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
	max log size = 1000
	socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
	panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
	idmap config * : backend = tdb

	comment = Home Directories
	read only = No
	create mask = 0700
	directory mask = 0700
	browseable = No

	comment = Freigabe documents
	path = /srv/samba/shared
	read only = No
	create mask = 0770
	directory mask = 0770

	comment = Freigabe privat
	path = /srv/samba/private
	read only = No

When the changes are done, test your configurations with:


5. Add users

Lets add two users with their private places and access to the shared place. So here are Alexander and Rebecca.

useradd -g smbusers -G users alexander
useradd -g smbusers -G users rebecca
mkdir /srv/samba/private/alexander
mkdir /srv/samba/private/rebecca

chmod 750 -R /srv/samba/private/
chown alexander:smbusers /srv/samba/private/alexander/
chown rebecca:smbusers/srv/samba/private/rebecca/

Now don’t forget to set a password for Samba users with:

smbpasswd -a alexander
smbpasswd -a rebecca

Note the following directives in your smb.conf will cause automatically change of UNIX user password on smb password changes, So don’t say i didn’t warned you ;)

unix password sync = Yes
pam password change = Yes

Have fun! Let me know if you do it in another way.